Nutrition and Malnutrition in India
The UN estimates that 2.1 million Indian children die before reaching the age of 5 every year – four every minute - mostly from preventable illnesses such as diarrhoea, typhoid, malaria, measles and pneumonia. Every day, 1,000 Indian children die because of diarrhoea alone.
View India's Ranking by prevalence of underweight children
2009 Global Hunger Index
The Challenge of Hunger: Focus on Financial Crisis and Gender Inequality
October 14, 2009
The 2009 Global Hunger Index (GHI) ranks 84 developing and transitional countries using three equally-weighted indicators and combines them into one score. The three indicators are:
- The proportion of people who are calorie deficient, or undernourished, which is a key indicator of hunger.
- The prevalence of underweight in children under the age of five, which is a measure of childhood malnutrition—children being the most vulnerable to hunger.
- The under-five mortality rate, which measures the proportion of child deaths that are mainly caused by malnutrition and disease.
2009 Global Hunger Index Calls Attention to Gender Inequality, Need to Empower and Educate Women & Girls
Food-Security Risks Must Be Comprehensively Addressed
India State Hunger Index
How are we doing on poverty and hunger reduction? 12 pages 313 kb
A new measure of country performance
Ugo Gentilini, Patrick Webb
The paper presents a new composite indicator – the Poverty and Hunger Index (PHI) – to measure countries' performance towards achieving MDG1 on halving poverty and hunger by 2015. The PHI combines all five official MDG1 indicators, including a) the proportion of population living on less than US$ 1/day, b) poverty gap ratio, c) share of the poorest quintile in national income or consumption, d) prevalence of underweight in children under five years of age, and d) the proportion of population undernourished.
Data for the five MDG1 indicators are compiled for the 81 countries which together account for 90 percent of the world poverty and 85 percent of global undernourishment. The analysis shows a weak correlation between undernourishment and child underweight; this is in line with a growing body of evidence documenting that reducing income poverty or improving the food supply without changing the way young children are fed and cared for does little to reduce levels of undernutrition among children.
India: In a context of unprecedented economic growth (9-10 percent annually) and national food security, over 60 percent of Indian children are wasted, stunted, underweight or a combination of the above. As a result, India ranks number 62 in the PHI out of a total of 81 countries and is included among the low performing countries in progress towards MDG1 with countries such as Nepal (number 58), Ethiopia (number 60), or Zimbabwe (number 74).
6 March, 2016